Friday, May 22, 2020

Dr. Sigmund Freud s Theory Essay - 1662 Words

Icebergs, sexual relations with parents, and repressed memories are what every student understands as they walk out of introductory psychology classes. Until my graduate level class I had no idea that there was more to Dr. Sigmund Freud’s (1856-1939) thoughts and theories. In my mind Freud was the reason for victim blaming in today’s culture and helped contribute to the systematic sexism that women face in today’s society; I even wrote about that in my response to some of his readings that he was the cause of all evil in the world essentially. While Freud is the cause for a lot of these ideas, and he was a sexist, he is not the perpetrator of these ideas, and he was not a sick pervert who was into children. He was a devoted father, passionate researcher, and a spearhead for new and innovated research into a new field that has led to further research today and has helped to keep psychologists thinking and moving forward—whether it be to disprove his thought s or to validate them, he got people talking. Since 1987, he has been cited more than 458,000 times (Google Scholar, 2016) over a 300 different original sources from him (Cherry, 2016). He has led to massive amounts of research being done and without his contributions psychology would not have been able to progress to where it is, but people do not understand the scope of his impact because they become distracted by what he â€Å"said† and what his theory claims according to the current translations. There are many ways peopleShow MoreRelatedMoore 1. Kristen Moore. Mrs. Kristy French. English Iii1443 Words   |  6 Pagespsychologist named Sigmund Freud. Freud published a myriad of theories regarding the human mind and its inner workings, which have since fallen from practice. A great majority of his theories have been disproven and rendered useless, though his name is one that is immediately recognized upon mention and he is one of the first figures that psychology majors study. If Freud has fallen from practice, however, why are his theories still studied at all? Although Sigmund Freud’s practices and theories have beenRead MoreThe Impact Of Sigmund Freud On Psychiatric Practice1826 Words   |  8 Pages The Impact of Sigmund Freud on Psychiatric Practice The psychiatric practice would terrify the mentally ill, but not until Sigmund Freud came along. During the early 1800 s, the Catholic Church would torture people that were mentally ill, blaming them to be sinners because of their illness. Freud graduated as a general doctor, but soon found a great interest in the human brain. He came up with the theories of psychoanalysis, Oedipus complex, Electra complex, and even with dream interpretationRead MoreNorman Bates1736 Words   |  7 PagesOctober 2014 Norman Bates: Two Lives Within A Soul Sigmund Freud s Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality Development states that there is a structural model of the psyche, which splits the human identity into three instances of Ego, Superego, and ID. In Psychoanalytic Stage of Development, there are five stages: Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, and Genital. Even though Sigmund Freud never was writing about the movie _Psycho_, theories of Freud, have a great connection with the personality of NormanRead MoreBeatrice Hinkle/Psychoanalysis1635 Words   |  7 Pagesliterature. Beatrice was an extraordinary thinker. She had the strong encouragement of her parents who were committed to educational methods and thrive for success, but little else is known about her family relations. In 1892, Beatrice married Walter S. Hinkle, a lawyer and assistant district attorney, and that same year entered the Cooper Medical School, which later was taken over by Stanford University. Sadly, her husband died in 1899 after only seven years of marriage. Beatrice Hinkle,Read MoreTheories And Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay1255 Words   |  6 Pages 1 Theories Theorist Tiffany Leaf Walden University Dr. Thomas Russo RSCH – 61007-6 Research Theory Life is full of many experiences and challenges which help individuals to grow and become better people. There has been tons of research to better understand how and why humans develop and grow the way they do. Among the many theories and therapist in the field of psychology, I have chosen psychosexual and psychosocialRead More Sigmund Freuds Influence upon Salvador Dali Essay1591 Words   |  7 Pagesexpand knowledge and understanding. Sigmund Freud, the most renowned, thought provoking psychologist to have ever lived, opened an exciting chapter in the study of the mind. Without a doubt, Freud had influenced, and inspired artists searching for something new. The world of psychology and art were interweaving and promising a bold new path. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) studied medicine, science, and philosophy as an introduction to the study of the human mind. Freud desired to have a thorough understandingRead MoreSigmund Freud Essay1721 Words   |  7 Pagesare the words that surprised millions when Freud first opened the discussion of human nature (Freud). Sigmund Freud, born in 1856 and died in 1939, was known to be the father of psychoanalysis (Jones). He lived his whole life trying to reach into the human unconsciousness and unravel the puzzle of life, human personality, and human nature (Chiriac). Sigmund Freud was influenced by the environment post World War I, and influenced the world through his theories and his publications produced in this eraRead MoreTheories Of Personality And Psychology1382 Words   |  6 PagesPSY8100 CLIFFORD THEORIES OF PERSONALITY 3 (DEBATE EXISTENCE OF THE UNCONSCIOUS) Faculty Use Only Debate on Psychoanalysis vs. Behaviorism: Freud and Skinner Moderator: Good evening, and welcome to the Northcentral University?s debate on psychanalysis versus behaviorism. My name is Nisaa Kirtman and I am from the Department of Psychology. It?s an honor to be the moderator of tonight?s debate. The topic for tonight?s debate are the contrasts betweenRead MoreFreud s Worst Nightmare Perfect Sex Dream1021 Words   |  5 Pagesdiscusses a wide range of theories and assumptions on Freud and his relation to modern cinema, memories, and the development of the original horror film. She begins by describing Freud and his obsession with horror. She briefly mentions some of his case histories that entail themes of sexual abuse, hysteria, bestiality, phobias, and perversity, but primarily continues to inform us of his hatred of cinema. Considering Freud was born in 1856, he was just reaching his mid 50’s when early cinema reallyRead MoreWhy Do We Dream? Essays631 Words   |  3 Pageswill be discussing. Perhaps the most renowned theory of dreaming comes from the famous psychologist, Dr Sigmund Freud. He proposed that our dreams were likened to a ‘royal road (Plotnik 2005) to our unconscious thoughts and desires. In this uninhibited environment, Freud claimed that our secret inner thoughts were displayed in the form of symbols that represented our hidden ‘desires, needs, defences, fears, and emotions (Plotnik 2005). Freud believed we could confront these wants without the

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Performing Rhetorical Analysis - 590 Words

Performing Rhetorical Analysis The intended audience of this source is adults. They are targeting adults that would watch the Super Bowl and the Puppy Bowl. They also target adults with enough education, work experience, and perspective to appreciate or engage in an article that offers a meta-view or macrocosmic view of trends in media consumption. The adults are likely in and over their thirties, with moderate to exceptional knowledge of their indigenous culture (American), including the traditional popular cultural practices. It is uncertain as to whether there is a specific ethnicity targeted, as the content is regarding puppies and other cute baby animals, which appeal to people of all ethnicities. The content has a universal appeal; the writing style of the article appeals to middle class white Americans, or those who relate most to that culture or at least have a moderate understanding to that culture. The assumptions the article makes regarding the audience is that they watched one or both bowls and that t hey have a neutral or friendly audience. They assume an audience that is moderately informed as well as moderately uninformed; this article is for those who know about the Puppy Bowl and for those who do not. The article does not definitely identify the type of audience they want. The information regarding the audience is implied and contextual. The purpose of the source is to be informational or to provide exposition regarding the Puppy Bowl. There is also aShow MoreRelatedRhetorical Analysis Of `` A Letter And The Editor ``987 Words   |  4 Pagesengaging in rhetorical writing, it can be difficult for individuals to remain objective and grounded. Often times individuals will neglect to properly employ the rhetorical appeals in a manner that supports their claim. The author who wrote â€Å"A Letter to the Editor† failed to construct a compelling argument. The authors argument has numerous inadequacies that inevitably fail to persuade the desired audience to support his or hers point of view. The authors argument is devoid of objective analysis, properRead MoreHigh Level Writing Is Vital For My Current Standings As A College Student And My Future Endeavors988 Words   |  4 PagesLooking back at previous discussion posts, assignments, papers, and feedback from peers and my instructor, I have achieved a large amount of insight to higher-level writing. This past semester I was required to create four major papers including Rhetorical Analysis Essay, Annotated Bibliography, Exploratory Essay, and the Researched Position Paper. Each of these papers entailed vigorous research and time. My writing has progressively improved throughout the semester in quoting, summarizing, and paraphrasingRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Enough Has It s Time We Decriminalize Prostitution 1131 Words   |  5 Pages A Rhetorical Analysis of â€Å"Enough Already, It’s Time We Decriminalize Prostitution† In â€Å"Enough Already, It’s Time We Decriminalize Prostitution† Patty Kelly persuades the readers that the American government should make the prostitution legal. She introduces the three reasons and the facts from both sides of decriminalization and criminalization towards prostitution to support her thesis. This essay was written and first published in the local newspaper of Los-Angles Times in 2008Read MoreRhetorical Analysis Of A Modest Proposal722 Words   |  3 PagesA Modest Rhetorical Analysis Since its original publishing in 1729, Jonathan Swift’s pamphlet â€Å"A Modest Proposal† has endured for its rhetorical complexity (and sheer satirical absurdities). Through judicious use of ethos (ethical appeal), logos (logical appeal), and pathos (emotional appeal), Swift crafts a sarcastic, insincere, overly embellished argument to address Irelands food shortage and economic crisis meant to simultaneously entice and repulse readers. His audience is explicitly asked toRead MoreRhetoral Analysis : Budweiser Commercial1170 Words   |  5 PagesRunning head: RHETORIC ANALYSIS ESSAY​​ 1 Rhetoric Analysis Essay Name Institution Rhetoric Analysis Essay Introduction Budweiser has produced many commercials for marketing purposes. However, none of those are as iconic as the one they used to pay tribute to the victims of the September 11. Known as the Budweiser commercial, some of the television viewers only had a chance to watch it from YouTube because it was aired just one time February 3, 2002, during theRead More Back Where I Come From Essay1107 Words   |  5 Pageslot of attention on the author himself. His informality invites the audience to share his experiences with him. Chesney appeals to emotion through his anecdotes and creates an impression on the audience. Through the analysis of this song it is easy to identify the type of rhetorical appeal Kenny Chesney presents to his audience. Kenny Chesney was born and raised in the tiny town of Luttrell, Tennessee. He played high school football and attended college. â€Å"Anyone who is passionate about music isRead MoreSuper Size Me, by Morgan Spurlock Essay1099 Words   |  5 PagesDocumentary Film Analysis Paper In a society that is facing numerous problems, such as economic devastation, one major problem is often disregarded, growing obesity. As the American society keeps growing, so does growth of the fast food industry and the epidemic of obesity. In order to further investigate the main cause of obesity, Morgan Spurlock, the film director and main character, decides to criticize the fast food industry for its connection with obesity in America. In his documentary SpurlockRead MoreRhetorical Analysis : `` Love Song `` By Steven Tyler Essay1662 Words   |  7 PagesRhetorical Analysis Etched deep in the spirit of every person are the memories of life altering-mistakes. For most people, these mistakes devastate their life permanently, but for a select group, the impact is breathtaking. The idea that one huge mistake could lead to mind-boggling success is the type of story one only reads about. World-renowned rock band Aerosmith’s success story is undeniably one of the greatest of all time, but it didn’t come without massive failure. Steven Tyler, the lead singerRead MoreUnder the Desguise of a Passageway to Happiness: Assimiliation779 Words   |  3 PagesRhetorical Prà ©cis There has been an archaic existing fear of anything different from the norm becoming present, however having something different may bring about positive change, diversity, and new knowledge. Yet people are reluctant to accept something different and instead make efforts to change the differences to match the way things normally and dominantly are. This fear and reaction is the reason for why efforts of assimilation occur, so that the dominant can integrate the minority and toRead MoreWhen an author writes a piece of work, they go through several drafts before they feel that their1300 Words   |  6 Pagesspent two years in Indonesia studying and performing, she had become one of the family in the village where she stayed.† That comma should not have been put there. I had the same comma splice problem in my critique essay. I wrote, â€Å"She partook in an experimental problem that only made her condition worse, her mental status was declining, which was the final straw in her book.† The first comma in that sentence should have been included. My rhetorical analysis essay seemed to have the most comma splices

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Was the English Civil War a War of Religion Free Essays

string(141) " but regarded as an illegal tax; men refused to pay the ship tax and argued that the tax was illegal in court, but most lost and were fined\." Was the English Civil War a war of Religion? The English Civil Wars of 1642 to 1651 had religious connections indefinitely, yet to say that they were wars of religion is slightly blindsided. Economics, national and foreign policy and the rule of King Charles I all played pivotal roles in the wars, in particular, the role of the King and his failings to rule. Such failings lost support for the King on a large scale and led to the argument that this was the beginnings of democracy where the people wanted to look elsewhere from the monarchy for a better governed country. We will write a custom essay sample on Was the English Civil War a War of Religion? or any similar topic only for you Order Now The wars were not fought intently for religion but instead against the monarchy and the dreadful rule of King Charles I for a better led democracy. Such democracy was largely connected and associated with the Parliamentarians who offered opposition to the failing Royalists and hope for change. With the Royalists and the Parliamentarians fighting for power and for leadership of their country, two parties with no major religious qualms were set to go to war. For the Roundheads, the ultimate desire was not religious but was to â€Å"safeguard parliaments place in the constitution from the creeping threat of royal absolutism’ that had seemed to be prevalent since at the least 1626. † The parliamentarians offering opposition to the Royalists were in a political sense, seen as the answer in the search of democracy through which they gained mass support. However in answering the question, religious connections must be analysed with a mind on the importance to the civil wars. Importantly, England was a strictly protestant nation after the Reformations of the 16th century and King Charles struggled with Parliament in connection to religion and caused much tension and ill feeling within England. In keeping with his high Anglican faith, the King appointed his main political advisor, William Laud as the new archbishop in 1633. The Protestant people of England accused Laud of Catholicising the Church of England and in turn Laud imposed fines for not attending Anglican Church services. He aroused further public anger in 1637 by cutting off the ears of three gentlemen who had written pamphlets attacking Laud’s own views. Such strict and brutal behaviour caused fear in the people and alienate Laud’s church. Further still, the marriage of King Charles to the Roman Catholic French princess Henrietta Maria 1625 had previously caused a general fear of Catholicism to emerge in England but this was only built upon by the measures Laud had instigated. Clearly religion did have an impact yet it is the subsequent effects that matter. These religious matters crucially caused a lack of support for the monarchy and the realisation that the monarchy needed Parliament to govern effectively. The King was blind to this and this forced the people to look elsewhere for democracy. This was the true nature of the war to fight for control and a new democracy. To continue, King Charles the First showed incompetence throughout his rule losing the support of his people gradually but surely. A series of failings displayed his inability to rule yet first and foremost was the manner of King Charles. Michael Young describes Charles as ‘a stubborn, combative and high-handed king, who generated conflict† whilst Richard Cust continues that â€Å"he was not stupid, but he did suffer from what Russell calls ‘a tunnel vision’, which made it very difficult for him to understand anyone’s perspective other than his own. † Shy and obnoxious, Charles was unwilling to conform to parliament insisting that he was chosen by God to rule in accordance with the doctrine of the â€Å"Divine Right of Kings†. Many parliamentarians feared that setting up a new kingdom as Charles I intended might destroy the old English traditions that had been integral to the English monarchy and its country and this belief from King Charles I of the divine right of kings only exacerbated this. Importantly at this point, parliament was subject to dissolution by the monarchy at any time and they had to weary of this. In all, King Charles was unsuitable to rule England and his character flaws along with his beliefs and reluctance to compromise left him on a one way path to disaster and crucially, unpopularity. He needed parliament yet he himself did not know it, instead his own policies and decisions would alienate him from the people and would be his very downfall. More so disastrous for his reign than his â€Å"indecisive, inadequate and ineffective† personality were the policies of King Charles I. The King wanted to take part in the Thirty Years’ War of Europe at huge costs and with heavy expenditure. Parliament foresaw these impossible costs of the war and refused to support King Charles yet this did not stop the King in pressing ahead with his European Wars. His conquests continued past the dissolution of parliament into his ‘personal rule’ until he was forced to withdraw from the war making peace with Spain and France; the monarchy’s finances were shattered and the King had dissolved Parliament ending any hopes of financial support from taxes. Here the King demonstrates his naivety with the country sustaining incredible financial troubles with little reward to show for it but most importantly he lost further support of the people. People began to question his ability to rule and began to look elsewhere towards parliament. Perhaps the clearest indication though that he was unable to rule without parliament came with his 11 year Personal Rule. For 11 years, King Charles avoided calling a parliament during which time he made several crucial mistakes. Most importantly, without Parliament, Charles was left with little revenue and so he looked to other means of income. Controversially, the King tried to implement Ship taxes, exploiting a naval war-scare and demanding tax from inland counties to pay for the Royal Navy. The tax was questionable at best, supported by law but regarded as an illegal tax; men refused to pay the ship tax and argued that the tax was illegal in court, but most lost and were fined. You read "Was the English Civil War a War of Religion?" in category "Essay examples" Further resentment to the King was growing among the English people and again they blamed the Kings lack of parliament and his inability to rule without it. King Charles I foolishly looked to enforce policies in Scotland also. The King had hoped to unite England with Scotland and Ireland to create a single kingdom with a uniform High Anglican church. This idea scared Parliament with fears of losing traditional English ways evident. Despite this, summer of 1637 saw Charles I interfere with Scottish religion introducing a new high Anglican English book of prayer to the Scottish despite the Church of Scotland having strict traditions. This was duly followed by resistance and riots in Edinburgh followed by a rebellion. Naturally the King responded by leading an army to the Scottish border and challenging the rebellion. A second war followed in 1640 where embarrassingly King Charles’ forces were defeated by a Scottish army who continued to capture Newcastle; Charles now had a rebellion on his hand but with insufficient finances he could not defend anything of the like, he was forced to form a new parliament and seek the taxes that they brought. The Scottish were demanding ? 850 a day to keep them from advancing and this was all Charles’ own doing in trying to change religion in Scotland. It can be argued as indeed C. Russel does that, â€Å"Religion undoubtedly contributed heavily to the outbreak of the Bishops wars. It contributed to the English defeat in the wars, by building up a party in England whose sympathies were on the Scottish side. † However these religious disputes were not a direct cause of the civil war rather that once again King Charles had made a mistake and proven his inability to rule without the credible parliament. The people were becoming all too aware of these failings and his delusions. The dislike for King Charles I continued to climb with his ordered execution of Thomas Wentworth May 1641. The King had sacrificed one of his chief advisors in the hope of preventing war yet it was all in vain. Here his incapability’s had resulted in an execution and the backlash in Ireland was total chaos with the faithful Catholics fearing a protestant resurgence. Further tension between the monarchy and parliament was seen and the King looked very weak at this point. Finally, the end of King Charles of England rule came in 1642, early in which he had attempted to capture five members of the House of Commons. The King had gone accompanied by 400 soldiers to arrest the five members on charge of treason yet upon arrival at parliament the Speaker refused to reveal the whereabouts of the suspects. Crucially, Lenthall replied â€Å"May it please your majesty, I have neither eyes to see nor tongue to speak in this place but as this house is pleased to direct me whose servant I am here; and humbly beg your majesty’s pardon that I cannot give any other answer than this is to what your majesty is pleased to demand of me† voicing his determined allegiance not the King but to Parliament. This portrayed the feeling between Parliament and the King and it was only then that the King saw that he had real opposition. Following his latest failing Charles had fled from London in fear of his own safety but continued to negotiate with Parliament through until the summer to no avail. With the summer passing towns and cities began to voice their allegiance for either the Royalists or the Parliamentarians and the war was beginning to emerge. Quite literally King Charles had got it all wrong and had even sparked off a civil war with his attempts to arrest parliament members. Importantly it was the King’s attempts to arrest members of parliament that sparked the war as opposed to any religious factors or disputes and the Kings incompetent ruling of the country that continued to fuel the civil wars for years to come. In conclusion, the English civil wars on 1642 to 1651 were not wars of religion. Without doubt religion played a role in the distancing between the King to his people and Parliament and also with the Bishops wars, yet it was not integral to the emergence of the war or indeed throughout the war. Rather the war was a war of power and control with Parliament attempting to provide democracy to the unsatisfied people in contrast to the diabolical failings with the rule of King Charles I. King Charles was incapable of ruling the country, demonstrating his incompetence with endless examples to make the people want for a new democracy and better leadership for their country; and that they did with support for Parliamentarians seen in huge numbers. The Kings failure to rule and govern the country had directly led to intervention from the Parliamentarians and the start of the English civil wars. Word Count – 1920 Bibliography 1. Coward, B. (1980) The Stuart Age; England 1603 – 1714. Pearson Education Limited 2. Cust, R. (2002) ‘Politics, Religion and Popularity’, Charles I and popularity. (ed. ,Cogswell, T. Cust, R. Lake, P. ) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 235 3. De Groot, J. (2004). Royalist identities. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. 4. Hill, C. (1958). Puritanism and revolution: Studies in interpretation of the English revolution of the 17th century. London: Secker ; Warburg. 5. Kishlansky, M. (1999) ‘Tyranny Denied: Charles I, Attorney General Heath, and the Five Knights’ Case. 42: 53 6. Morrill, J. S. (1993). The nature of the English Revolution: Essays. London: Longman. 7. Parliament. uk; Speaker Lenthall defends Parliament against the King. Accessed 27th March 2012. Available from http://www. parliament. uk/business/publications/parliamentary-archives/archives-highlights/archives-speakerlenthall/ 8. Russell, C. (1990) Th e Causes of the English civil War. Oxford: Clarendon Press 9. Sproxton, J. (1995). Violence and religion: Attitudes towards militancy in the French civil wars and the English Revolution. London ; New York: Routledge. ——————————————- [ 1 ]. Coward, B. (1980) The Stuart Age; England 1603 – 1714. Pearson Education Limited [ 2 ]. Cust, R. (2002) ‘Politics, Religion and Popularity’, Charles I and popularity. (ed. ,Cogswell, T. Cust, R. Lake, P. ) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 235 [ 3 ]. Cust, R. (2002) ‘Politics, Religion and Popularity’, Charles I and popularity. (ed. ,Cogswell, T. Cust, R. Lake, P. ) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 235 [ 4 ]. Kishlansky, M. (1999) ‘Tyranny Denied: Charles I, Attorney General Heath, and the Five How to cite Was the English Civil War a War of Religion?, Essay examples

Monday, April 27, 2020

Pre-marital Sex Cause and Effect free essay sample

In our recent, Present, and possibly our future generations of youths, an un precedent amount of youths take part in the contemplation and indulging of premarital sex. Teens of ages as young as 11 to 20 partake in dating and interactions, and sexual intercourse with the opposite sex some of early teenage to adolescent. Statistics show that in a percentage of youths that are dating at young ages lose their virginity within the first week upon dating. Boy likes girl, and girl likes boy. The opposite sexes attracts which ignites desires for interactions which then leads to dating which leads elsewhere and eventually ends with premarital sexual relations. Dating is the primary cause for premarital sex. Although other elements are included, Dating is where it starts. What is dating actually? Really, dating is any social activity in which your romantic interest is focused on one particular and that persons interest is focused on you. We will write a custom essay sample on Pre-marital Sex Cause and Effect or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Whether on the phone or face-to-face, in the open or in secret, if you and a friend have a special romantic understanding and communicate regularly, its dating. Although In many cultures dating is regarded as a legitimate way for two people to become better acquainted with one another, dating should be an honorable purpose -to help a young man and women determine if they want to get married to each other. The period of life when sexual feelings and romantic emotions first become strong is quoted, in the Bible, as the Bloom of Youth-(New World Translation1Corinthians 7:36). It is at these periods in a young person life where the most cautions must be taken. Maintaining close association with one particular member of the opposite sex while in this phase can fan flames of desires and lead to premarital sex. The Bloom of Youth is a crucial element and so is Peer Pressure. Many youths are eager to experiment with sex. Influences from the world today promotes sexual relations outside of marriage. These influences (Pressure) come from our day-to-day interactions with our peers. Individuals experience unrelenting teasing and harassment for maintaining their virginity and values. This pressure gives social awkwardness to young individuals and pushes them to pair up with the opposite sex. Classmates may pressure couples to have sex. Believing that you must have sex to know if youre in love. Contrary to what some may think, taking improper sexual liberties doesnt mean that youre in love nor does it deepen a relationship. Many young ones today view relationships as transitory -which in a sense prepares them for divorce rather than for marriage. Sex is a gift from God, one that we all can really-really enjoy, but in the right way. God condemns fornication. In the Bible, it describes all forms of sexual relations outside of marriage. Consequently, kissing, embracing, or doing anything that causes arousal can lead to premarital sex. The effects of premarital sex can cause individuals to take on life responsibilities that they have not prepared for. For instance, a married couple may have intentions on raising kids and starting a family. So with kids being the expected outcome of sex they make the right preparations to take on these responsibilities, where as a couple who are not married and have no intensions of marriage unexpectedly have children then these responsibilities are forced upon them. When we chose our marriage mates we include them in every aspect of our lives and harmonize together, but in terms to those who engage in activities meant for married couples, they then find themselves forcing there lives upon one another. This ties with the statement Pick the mate you want to Stick with, instead of the mate youre Stuck with. With the effect of young teens engaging in premarital sex we see young teen parents a responsibility given to the inexperienced. Hence the statement Babies raising Babies. In consequence, premarital sex is often an emotionally painful experience. After sex, the typical feelings most youths feel are embarrassment and ashamed. Christians are urged to wait until marriage to enjoy the gift of sexual relations. The Bible illustrates, at Ecclesiastes chap. 3:1-8, that just as there is a time to love and a time to hate, there is also a time to act on sexual urges and a time to refrain from doing so. In conclusion, Dating prior to the Bloom of Youth, Peer Pressure and regular interactions with the opposite sex result in premarital sex. The effects is the shame of immorality.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

The Bre-X Gold Scandal, History and Resources

The Bre-X Gold Scandal, History and Resources Start with the biggest deposit of gold ever reported, in the headwaters of the Busang River in the steaming jungle of Borneo. The Canadian company Bre-X Minerals Ltd. didnt know about that when it bought rights to the site in 1993. But after Bre-X hired a high-living geologist to map the ore body, the deposit, along with the fever dreams that accompany gold, grew to monster size- by March 1997 that geologist was talking about a 200-million-ounce resource. You do the math at, say US$500 per ounce in mid-1990s dollars. Bre-X prepared for big times ahead by building a gold-plated website, where you could generate your own Bre-X stock chart to follow its meteoric rise. It also had a chart showing the equally meteoric rise of the estimated gold resource: together, those two pages could infect anyone with gold fever. The Sharks Arrive Bigger mineral companies took notice. Some made takeover offers. So did the Indonesian government, in the person of president Suharto and his powerful family. Bre-X owned more of this lode than seemed prudent for such a small, inexperienced foreign firm. Suharto suggested that Bre-X share its fortunate surplus with the people of Indonesia and with Barrick, a firm tied to Suhartos ambitious daughter Siti Rukmana. (Barricks advisors, among them George H. W. Bush and ex-prime minister of Canada Brian Mulroney, also favored this scheme.) Bre-X responded by enlisting Suhartos son Sigit Hardjojudanto on its side. An impasse loomed. To end the contretemps, family friend Mohamad Bob Hasan stepped in to offer all sides a deal. The American firm Freeport-McMoRan Copper Gold, led by another old Suharto friend, would run the mine and Indonesian interests would share the wealth. Bre-X would keep 45 percent of the ownership and Hasan for his pains would accept a share possibly worth a billion or so. Asked what he was paying for this stake, Hasan said, There is no payment, no nothing. It is a very clean deal. Trouble Arises The deal was announced on 17 February 1997. Freeport went to Borneo to start its own due-diligence drilling. Suharto was ready to sign a contract after this step, locking in Bre-Xs land rights for 30 years and starting the flood of gold. But just four weeks later, Bre-Xs geologist at Busang, Michael de Guzman, exited his helicopter that was 250 meters in the air at the time- an evident suicide. On March 26 Freeport reported that its due-diligence cores, drilled only a meter and a half from Bre-Xs, showed insignificant amounts of gold. The next day Bre-X stock lost almost all of its value. Freeport brought more rock samples to its American headquarters under armed guard. Bre-X commissioned a review of Freeports drilling; the review recommended more drilling. Another review focusing on the chemical assays caused Bre-X to clam up completely on 1 April, and Suhartos signature was postponed. Bre-X, in a novel strategy for the time, blamed the Web. CEO David Walsh told a fawning Calgary Herald reporter that the meltdown began when scurrilous local rumors in Indonesia were picked up by one of the ghostwriters on the Internet on the chat page or whatever. Further reviews took the rest of April. Meanwhile, disquieting details began to arise. Industry journalists soon found evidence that the Busang ore samples had been salted with gold dust. Salting of the Earth On Friday 11 April, Northern Miner magazine put a news flash on its site laying out three lines of evidence that Bre-X had been duped. First, contrary to company statements, the Busang core samples had been prepared for assay in the jungle, not in the testing lab. A videotape made by a visitor to the field site showed the humble machines common in assay labs- hammer mills, crushers, and sample splitters. Well-labeled sample bags clearly had finely crushed ore in them. Security was lax enough that samples could easily have been spiked with gold.Second, the local inhabitants had begun panning for gold in the Busang River, but in two years they never found any. Yet Bre-X claimed that gold was visible, a sign of unusually rich ore. And de Guzmans technical report, confusingly, called the gold submicroscopic, which is typical of hard-rock gold ore.Third, the assayer that tested the samples said the gold was predominantly in visible-sized grains. Also, the grains showed signs consistent with being typical river-panned gold dust, such as rounded outlines and rims depleted in silver. The assayer dodged the 64-billion-dollar question, saying that there were indeed ways for hard-rock gold grains to acquire rounded edges- but that argument was a fig leaf. The Curtain Falls Meanwhile, a storm of securities lawsuits arose around Bre-X, which vigorously protested that this was just an unfortunate series of misunderstandings. But it was too late. The collapse of Bre-X cast a cloud over the gold mining industry that lasted into the next century. David Walsh decamped to the Bahamas, where he died of an aneurysm in 1998. Bre-Xs chief geologist, John Felderhof, eventually went on trial in Canada but was acquitted of securities fraud in July 2007. Apparently in selling part of his stock holdings for $84 million in the months before the scandal hit he had not been criminal, just too stupid to catch the fraud. And I have been told that Michael de Guzman has been seen in Canada, years after the scandal. The explanation would be that, as was rumored at the time, an anonymous corpse was thrown from the helicopter. You could say the very jungle had been salted as well as the ore bags.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Globalization, Unemployment, and Recession Links

Globalization, Unemployment, and Recession Links A reader recently sent me this e-mail: It seems to me that we are now engaged in an economy that may look different from any we have experienced. The Globalization of the economy has created huge firm closures in America expecially in manufacturing and forced lower wages on those employed by this sector. Typically and historically manufacturing jobs have created higher wages in this country but now we see all the rules are changing. Do you believe globalization will bring new trends to the relationship between rececession/depression and firm closures? I believe it already has begun. - Before we begin, Id like to thank the e-mailer for her very thoughtful question! I dont think globalization will change the relationship between recessions and firm closures, since the relationship between the two was fairly weak to begin with. In Are recessions good for the economy? we saw that: We do not see great differences in firm closures between periods of high growth and periods of low growth. While 1995 was the beginning of a period of exceptional growth, almost 500,000 firms closed shop. The year 2001 saw almost no growth in the economy, but we only had 14% more business closures than in 1995 and fewer businesses filed for bankruptcy in 2001 than 1995. Competition between firms in periods of growth: During a period of high economic growth, some firms still perform better than others. Those high performing ones can often squeeze weaker performing ones out of the marketplace, causing firm closures. Structural changes: High economic growth is often caused by technological improvements. More powerful and useful computers can drive economic growth, but they also spell disaster for companies that manufacture or sell typewriters. Would 0% Unemployment Be a Good Thing? Cyclical Unemployment is defined as occuring when the unemployment rate moves in the opposite direction as the GDP growth rate. So when GDP growth is small (or negative) unemployment is high. When the economy goes into recession and workers are laid off, we have cyclical unemployment. Frictional Unemployment: The Economics Glossary defines frictional unemployment as unemployment that comes from people moving between jobs, careers, and locations. If a person quits his job as an economics researcher to try and find a job in the music industry, we would consider this to be frictional unemployment. Structural Unemployment: The glossary defines structural unemployment as unemployment that comes from there being an absence of demand for the workers that are available. Structural unemployment is often due to technological change. If the introduction of DVD players cause the sales of VCRs to plummet, many of the people who manufacture VCRs will suddenly be out of work. Thats my take on the question - Id love to hear yours! You can contact me by using the feedback form.

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Discuss some of the effects of mass transit and tourism on perceptions Essay

Discuss some of the effects of mass transit and tourism on perceptions of time, space and place in the late 20th century - Essay Example Mass tourism depended upon easier and faster modes of travel as well as the emerging concept of ‘leisure’ time, the creation of disposable income through the urban factories and the media possibilities of advertising and widespread distribution of literature. During the Victorian era, a period filled with the concept of colonization, society was encountering many new cultures and ways of life as a result of increasingly available forms of reliable transportation. Rather than appreciating them for what they offered – differing perspectives, alternate means of solving common societal issues or a way of life that eliminated some of the more common social ills experienced in the newly industrialized societies – colonizing nations sought to overcome these ‘others’ and force them into a worldview in keeping with their own. When this wasn’t possible, as in dealing with faraway nations in the Orient, inventions were made of the bits and pieces of information that came back that defined entire sections of the world according to what was imagined about them rather than on true accounts of them. In doing so, comparisons were made between the ‘other’ and the self, meaning the dominant culture of the col onizing nation which is, in this case, predominantly England, that placed the self at an aggrandized level and the ‘other’ at a level quite inferior. In other words, in encountering the ‘other’, the colonizing nation reacted in a way that demonized them, reduced them to second-class humans and thereby contained them within a less-threatening context while boosting the self to new levels of superiority. It is perhaps most educative to look first to the work of philosopher Edward Said for an explanation of the ‘other’ as he places it within the context of Orientalism, a term he used to define the way in which the English-speaking world sought to contain images of